Comparative tables

Based on the typology offered in the Steps in the process section, the table below shows the availability of each type of referendum across the EU member states.

Country /
Type
Popular Initiative or
Popular Veto Initiative
Minority Referendum or
Minority Veto Referendum
Mandatory
Referendum
Legislature-Initiated
Referendum
Executive-Initiated
Referendum
(types 1-2) (types 3-4) (type 5) (type 6) (type 7)
Austria X X X
Belgium
Bulgaria X X
Croatia X X X X
Cyprus
Czech Rep
Denmark X X
Estonia X X
Finland X
France X X X
Germany
Greece X
Hungary X X
Ireland X X
Italy X X
Latvia X X X
Lithuania X X X
Luxembourg X X X
Malta X X X
Netherlands X
Norway
Poland X X X
Portugal X X X
Romania X X
Slovakia X X X
Slovenia X X X
Spain X X X
Sweden X X
Switzerland X X X
United Kingdom X X